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Vitamin Therapy

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The Eye Vitamins

These are all important vitamins your eye health:

  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Vitamin E
  • Lutein
  • Zeaxanthin
  • Riboflavin (B2)
  • Omega-3

Vitamin A deficiency can cause eye problems with symptoms such as dryness of the conjunctiva. Vitamin E is an antioxidant, which protects the cells from the effects of free radicals. Like vitamin E, vitamin C is also an excellent antioxidant and may help prevent cataracts. Lutein and Zeaxanthin have been shown to reduce to macular degeneration. Riboflavin is necessary for general good eye health. Omega-3 fatty acids are important to keep good cardiovascular health, along with providing comfort to dry eye patients.

Vitamin A and Eye Health

Carrots have beta-carotene, which our body converts into Vitamin A. Vitamin A is important for vision, especially for night vision, as vitamin A is the protein used to sustain the rod cells which enable us to see in low light conditions. In addition to the dryness mentioned above, Vitamin A deficiency may also play a role in the development of cataracts and age-related macula degeneration AMD.

Carrots are not the only source of this important vitamin. Here are some other foods that are rich in vitamin A

  • Tomatoes
  • Green & Red Peppers
  • Mango
  • Spinach
  • Liver
  • Egg Yolk
  • Other Richly Colored Vegetables

Vitamin C and Vitamin E

Vitamin C is an antioxidant that may prevent or delay the development of cataracts. It appears to be extremely effective when taken in conjunction with Vitamin E. Research is currently being carried out on the effect of Vitamin C on the development of age-related macula degeneration. Other studies have shown that vitamin C can reduce ocular pressure in glaucoma patients.

Vitamin C is naturally found in many foods:

  • Fruits (especially citrus)
  • Tomatoes
  • Melons
  • Green leafy vegetables
  • Raw cabbage
  • Mango

Incorporate these foods to consume Vitamin E:

  • Wheat Germ
  • Sunflower Seeds
  • Almonds
  • Avocado
  • Sweet Potato
  • Peanuts


Numerous studies are currently being carried out showing how lutein can prevent or slow macular degeneration. Lutein protects the eyes from sun damage, which is especially important for people with light colored eyes, as less of the harmful rays are absorbed by the pigment in the eye before hitting your retina. Lutein can found in all green leafy vegetables. In our “fast food” society you may not be getting enough lutein in your diet.

Where to find Lutein in your diet:

  • Broccoli
  • Yellow corn
  • Egg yolks
  • Pumpkin
  • Green peas
  • Green leafy vegetables (raw)
  • Chicory (raw)


Zeaxanthin is an antioxidant which is found to help reduce the risk of developing Age-related Macular Degeneration. This pigment is found in many foods, but supplementing will ensure you are getting the required amount for maximum benefit. Some foods high in Zeaxanthin are:

  • Leafy green vegetables (spinach, kale, collard greens)
  • Orange bell peppers
  • Paprika
  • Gogi berries
  • Corn

Riboflavin (Vitamin B2)

Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, enables carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to release energy. Riboflavin is vital to the activity of an enzyme that protects your eye and may help to protect from cataracts.

Where to find B2 (Riboflavin) in your diet:

  • Brewer’s yeast
  • Whole grains
  • Milk
  • Soybeans
  • Green vegetables
  • Liver
  • Almonds

Omega-3 Fatty Acids

  • Sardines
  • Halibut
  • Mackerel
  • Tuna
  • Walnuts
  • Flax seeds
  • Omega-3 eggs

It is always best to get your vitamins from your diet, but sometimes it is not enough. There are certain vitamin supplements we recommend, especially for people with early stage Age Related Macular Degeneration, and for those with Dry Eye Syndrome. Ask your Carteret eye doctor about these health additives.

As we age, our vision may deteriorate. Ask your Carteret, Rahway, and Woodbridge eye doctor about presbyopia treatment.